manage stress

Simple Tips to Help You Manage Stress in Your Life

When you learn how to better manage stress in your life and you’ll be happier and healthier. Let’s face it, stress infiltrates our lives daily. Every where we turn, it creeps into our activities, threatening our health and happiness. Even though stress is everywhere, it doesn’t have to take over your life in a negative manner. There are ways we can cut down on stress and ways we can add to it. Unfortunately, some of the things we attempt to help us lower stress, actually makes it worse. Let’s explore the common ways in which we tend to do the wrong thing and see if we can turn that around.

Tip #1 To Manage Stress – Timing of Workout

Working out is a great way to relieve some stress and feel good about yourself. Exercising will improve how you look and thus how other people might see you. However, working out at the right time is a real thing. Some of us find it difficult to work 8 hours and then go to the gym. If you’re like me, I need to cook dinner and that takes time. I then need to eat it early enough so I do’t go to bed on a full stomach. I also need to unwind. I like to use this time to read, do crafts, and meditate. So working out at night is not going to. happen. This is why experts say a morning workout is the best. It’s off your plate and you don’t have to consider it all day long, leaving less of a chance you’ll skip it.

Tip #2 To Manage Stress – Water

It’s common to reach for an alcoholic drink if you feel stressed. Drinking a glass of wine after work is quite a common thing for most people. However, it’s when you start to increase this amount, it becomes a problem. Alcohol is there to be enjoyed, with friends, family and at barbecues or restaurant meals. Too much is going to do more harm than good. Many people find that they feel better about their way out if this becomes an issue, when they contact an alcohol rehab center. Rehab centers like this one can help people get over withdrawal symptoms and then help to control craving symptoms too. 

Tip # 3 To Manage Stress – Food

It’s quite common for us to seek refuge with food. To some degree, it’s not a bad issue. If you eat something that is unhealthy but tastes superb, as long as you don’t overdo it, it’s not a big problem. However, if you are frequently indulging in unhealthy foods to make yourself feel good instead of feeling full, then this can cascade into an addiction. Pretty soon you’ll find that you’re overweight and you don’t like the way you look or feel. 

Managing stress is a skill that we learn over time. Do your own research on how to cope with stress from work, family life and the general anxiety-leading concerns such as how you look. 

styling a funeral

How to Style A Funeral To Represent Your Loved One

When considering how to best style a funeral to represent your loved one, it may be helpful to consider their personality and desires. Some people like to plan their own funerals, which is why you may be reading this post. Or, you may have sadly lost a loved one and be in charge of arranging their funeral. No matter what applies, consider the following.

Type of Funeral

Do you want the funeral to be smart, formal, or informal and spontaneous? We tend to assume that funerals are formal, but not everyone wants it to be this way. Some people don’t want others to wear black, for example, and would rather they wear their favorite color. You also need to consider whether the person is a traditionalist, a modernist, someone who likes tradition with a contemporary twist, a mold-breaker, or an innovator. This will point you in the direction of how best to style a funeral that will best represent your loved one. 

You also need to consider whether to go for something ceremonial or not – this may include an elaborate ritual, a military salute, a procession, a horse-drawn horse, or something across those lines. 

Mood of Funeral to Best Style a Funeral

You also need to think about how you expect the mood to be. Will it be one of sombre? This is often the case, but sometimes it is acceptance if someone has been unwell for a while. Or, it could be a cheerful celebration of the person’s life, or the overall feeling may be one that is shocked if the events were unaccepted. If the death has been the consequence of a mistake with a lasting impact, like medical negligence or a car crash, the mood will typically be one of sheer devastation. It is important to consider this when planning the funeral. Aside from this, funeral services may be plain or poetic, and you need to consider the structure of the ceremony as well. Is there room for spontaneity? 

An Introduction To Funeral Notices

Funeral notices tend to be offered to clients by funeral directors. A funeral notice ensures that friends and family are aware of everything that is happening in regards to the individual’s funeral. This can be a difficult task to take on when someone you love has passed away, which is why you may want the funeral director’s assistance. 

There are two different ways you can about writing the funeral notice. There is no right or wrong way, however; it all depends on what feels right for you and the person that passed away. It is important to remember that a lot of newspapers will only accept funeral notices that have come from a funeral director, which is why professional funeral services are a must. 

So, what are the two approaches? The first is to simply keep to the necessary facts. This means you will deal with the ‘who, what, when, and where.’ The second approach is to supply a historical statement; something that a lot of people will cut from the newspaper and keep. Not only will you deal with the facts in this type of notice, but you will include some more information, for example, names of any immediate family members, date of birth, date of death. You may also want to include some words that reflect the essence of the relationship that the person in question had with those mentioned, for example, ‘loving wife to’ or ‘loving husband to’. 

chronic pain

Stop Chronic Pain Ruling Your Life

You might feel alone if you’re suffering from chronic pain. It’s fair to say that this can have an impact on various aspects of your life. It can affect your physical health as well as your mental health. The good news is that you don’t have to let an issue like this dictate your life. You can take charge and improve your well-being at the same time. Here are some of the key steps that you should consider. 

Speak To Your Doctor 

A crucial mistake that you can make if you have chronic pain is to suffer in silence. You should never do this because there’s always an answer out there for you that is going to be worth exploring. A doctor can recommend a wide range of treatment options that could benefit you a great deal. They might start with traditional forms of pain relief before recommending more choices. 

Alternate Medicines

You might also want to explore alternative medicines. A big benefit of alternative medicines is that there’s a lot of research investigating how they can be used to help people. One of the options that you can explore would-be cannabis. In the past cannabis was classed as an illegal drug. But things have changed and times have moved on. Indeed, there are movements like the Last Prisoner Project based on getting everyone out of jail that has been incarcerated with crimes related to cannabis. The reason for this is that a lot of experts now see the benefits of cannabis. As well as being useful for helping people to relax, it can also provide pain relief to those who have been suffering from chronic pain for an extended period. 

Physical Therapy

You could also think about exploring physical therapy. There are countless research studies that highlight the benefits of physical therapy for chronic pain. For instance, you might want to consider exploring something like aqua therapy. A key benefit of aqua therapy is that it helps the muscles and the joints relax and research even shows that it can benefit your mental health too. 

Cognitive Therapy 

Finally, you might want to consider the option of cognitive therapy. The benefit of cognitive therapy is that it can be used to retrain your brain. This is ultimately going to mean that you won’t have to worry about the pain being a constant focus. It’s kind of like the ticking of a clock. A clock ticking is always loud enough to be heard if you’re in a quiet room. But the brain doesn’t notice it because it recognizes that the sound isn’t important. With training, your brain can be taught to view your pain in the same way. 

We hope this helps you understand everything that you need to think about if you feel like chronic pain is ruling your life. If you take the right steps here, then you will be able to make sure that you are pushing back against your condition and fighting to reclaim the quality of life that you deserve. 

banish stress

Unusual Ways To Banish Stress Today

According to the Global Organization for Stress, 75% of Americans experienced moderate to high stress levels in the past month alone. While many different factors contribute to stress – such as workplace tension or poor communication – we must find a way to effectively minimize stress in our daily lives. This is due to the simple fact that prolonged stress can negatively affect your health, leading to poor sleep, migraines, and even high blood pressure, among other conditions. 

Sometimes, the advice we are given in relation to stress-busting just doesn’t cut it. For example, we’re often told to spend more time outdoors. While this can help your body release endorphins and reduce tension, it doesn’t always help the stress go away.

With that in mind, here are some unusual stress-busting techniques that could help you banish stress TODAY! 

Consider acupuncture 

While acupuncture is often used to treat a wide range of health ailments and support you when recovering from an injury, studies also suggest that it is a great way to reduce stress. This is because it stimulates the production and release of certain hormones (such as oxytocin), promoting relaxation and relieving tension.

Hop into a sensory deprivation tank

There are many benefits of using a sensory deprivation tank, and they are often linked with the reduction of both stress and anxiety. This is due to the fact that your body can be truly relaxed during this time – and you can just close your eyes and let your troubles float away. 

Scream and shout

We’re often taught that the easiest (and most productive) way to deal with stress is to decompartmentalize it and keep our cool. However, there are many benefits to letting out your frustration. While this doesn’t mean you should start screaming in the middle of the office, try to find a way to vent this frustration when you get home. Alternatively, you could try to vent your frustrations by writing them down on a piece of paper and then tearing it into pieces. 

Challenge your perspective

Learning how to change your perspective when things get tough is an essential skill that can be used to effectively banish feelings of stress and anxiety. This is because it allows you to assess your feelings and emotions and figure out whether or not they are misplaced. For example, it encourages you to ‘not sweat the small stuff.’ One way in which you can do this is by figuring out if the problem that is causing you stress will impact you in any kind of long-term way. If not, then it’s probably not worth worrying about. 

Surround yourself with plants

There are many studies that suggest that indoor plants can help relieve stress. This is due to the fact that they can improve air quality, promote relaxation and lift your mood. Therefore, you can help reduce your stress levels by surrounding yourself with a variety of different plants. Even better, they make your home or office look and smell great too!   

medical administrator

Enjoying a Great Career as a Medical Administrator

Deciding to change your career path is never trivial and when you want to turn to the profession of medical administrator, it is essential to be focused. It is not an easy profession. Long hours, difficult situations and plenty of activity. It will keep you busy. But what does a professional retraining as a medical administration entail? You should firstly consider training. If you already have qualifications in this field, then you could consider an online masters in health administration. So, what are the expected qualities? What does the job of remote medical administrator actually consist of? What are the advantages of this profession?

Work in health administration 

The main mission of a remote medical administrator is to make medical appointments, keep patient records up to date and write health check-ups. They may need to enter texts and reports on a computer, saving data and printing health documents. As an intermediary between the doctor and the patients, the medical administrator may deal with delicate relationships. Therefore, a calmness and sense of duty is vital.

Usually, a medical administrator works with several practitioners, either in a medical office, in an analytical laboratory or in a hospital department or clinic. This is also the case for a remote medical administrator who will work with several practitioners through a call center. It involves a lot of communication. It may be that you are also the link between the different medico-social institutions. Therefore you will always be someone’s first port of call. 

The qualities expected for a retraining in medical administrator

Even if this job seems an administrative position, being a medical administrator is above all a job of human contact. It is a vocation and that is why we talked about choices in the introduction. This professional retraining presupposes having strong human qualities as well as a rigorous managerial spirit. Having a good relationship is vital, because you must show a sense of communication. Also, you must convey discretion as you are bound by medical secrecy. You may have to be compliant with certain regulations also.

Benefits of becoming a medical administrator

Here are some benefits of working within the medical sector to consider: 

  • Working as a medical administrator is both difficult and rewarding, because you are continuously in contact with people. Including, patients, medical corps, medical structure etc.
  • It is also a profession that can be practiced in many fields. This includes ophthalmology, gynecology, general practitioner, etc. 
  • The variety of tasks makes it possible to meet several needs at once.
  • Finally, another advantage of this job is that it is possible to perform it remotely.
  • Yes, becoming a remote medical administrator allows you to work from home or from a medical call center. It offers real flexibility and high availability. You may be able to work whenever you want and dictate your hours. This depends on where you are working.
  • It is often down to you who determine the workload, the duration of it and its frequency.
  • The pay is above average and comfortable. 

Tasks to undertake

The work in admin is often varied but can also feel repetitive. However, you are likely to come across new cases and information often. This makes the work much more exciting. Essentially you will be an assistant to a doctor or consultant. 

Organizational tasks  

The varied everyday life of a doctor’s assistant does not only take place behind the reception desk, but the medical assistant also has organizational tasks. As an all-rounder, the doctor’s assistant manages the balancing act between bureaucracy and medical care and masters both equally. Between appointments, medical care and inbox, the doctor’s assistant always keeps an overview.

Helping with medical care

In addition to the organization of the practice, you will also be responsible for the first medical care of the patients. You may advise the patient on questions and can give them advice on how to assist with well-being. You may have to record patients’ vitals on the computer, keep track and monitor information and record correlations. You may sit in on meetings with patients and therefore get a deeper knowledge of many medical cases. 


Communication and helpfulness are of fundamental importance. You can find a variety of areas to work depending on your interest in medicine. Working with computer systems is another prerequisite but oftentimes, training is offered. With the necessary qualifications, such as a degree or a masters, you will find the job a breeze and any industry professional would be glad to work alongside you.

conversations with your doctor

4 Tips to Help You Initiate Embarrassing Conversations With Your Doctor

A doctor-patient relationship should be an honest and forthcoming one. Your doctor is well versed in all areas of the body and can act professionally during appointments with all of their patients. As such, they will rarely become embarrassed or even shocked by patient revelations or medical concerns. There is pretty much nothing they haven’t seen or experienced.

However, this cannot be said for patients. Many people will likely have felt some shame or embarrassment when discussing health concerns with their doctor. It is only natural when you are divulging information or exposing body parts you don’t normally to people, which can leave you feeling well, a little bit exposed on all fronts. But learning how to overcome medical embarrassments can enable you to talk freely with your doctor and get the right type of treatment you need instantly.

Book a General Visit with a New Doctor

If this is the first time visiting a new doctor, choose to book a general appointment before getting stuck into the more intimate ones, such as a pap test. This will allow you to discuss general concerns and other issues to gauge their reactions and get a feel for how comfortable you are with them before having to start getting undressed and exploring various body parts.

Practice Beforehand

Practice makes perfect, as they say. If saying the words makes you feel uncomfortable, try to practise the conversation in your head or out loud to remove any awkwardness from the appointment and allow yourself the chance to practise how you will broach the subject and the best way to say it.

Write it Down

If you are still struggling to discuss intimate details out loud, then writing them down can be a huge help. This way, you can pass the note to your doctor. Many people delay getting treatment for different conditions due to how embarrassed they are discussing these topics.

But it is important to remember that your doctor is there precisely for this reason and if you cannot discuss this verbally, then writing down your concern can be helpful. This can also apply when you are in the pharmacy and need to buy over the counter medication. If you are worried about the rest of the queue overhearing you, for example, by treatment over the counter, passing a note can remove your embarrassment and still get you the treatment you need.

Rely on Resources

Not just Dr Google, we all know where that ends up. But reading reliable articles from medical outlets and education journals can help you understand your symptoms and explain some of the words and terminology your doctor may use.

Alternatively, you may feel more comfortable asking your doctor or pharmacist for general information ahead of broaching the more intimate topics you need to discuss. Giving them the right cues can alert them to your request and one-up the lines of communication to put you more at ease for asking for the treatment you need.

oral health routine

Is Your Oral Health Routine As Complete As It Should Be?

One area of focus many people forget to pay attention to is their oral health routine. Do you pay enough attention to it? Here, we’re going to look at the daily and more long-term routine habits you need to make sure you’re keeping up with.

Make sure that you brush for long enough

Simply put, a lot of people are very hasty and quite sloppy about their teeth brushing. It’s easy to think that simple once over is enough, but the truth is that you should brush for about two minutes, all together. Though often designed for kinds, teeth brush timer apps can be used by just about anyone if you want to be extra thorough. A lot of people tend to not give the back teeth the attention they need, as well, so starting at the back can make sure that you do so.

What should you do after meals?

You might have heard conflicting information over this. Indeed, it used to be recommended that you brush after every meal. However, that’s no longer recommended by most dentists since it has been found that brushing too much can cause damage to your enamel and gums. What you can do after every meal, however, is to rinse your mouth out. Even basic plain water will work. Chewing sugar-free gum can also help dislodge any stubborn food particles that can get stuck, as well. But you don’t need to worry about taking the toothbrush out to the restaurant.

At-home cleanings aren’t enough

Brushing, rinsing, and flossing are key to keeping your teeth in good condition. But, when it comes to cleaning your teeth, these aren’t the only steps that you need to take. If routine check-ups and in-chair cleanings with your dentist aren’t a part of your oral health habits, now is the time to change that. There are some forms of debris, like tartar, that can’t be easily cleaned at home and your gum health can really start to suffer if you don’t do something about them.

Clean your toothbrush

A lot of people stick to using the same old toothbrush for longer than they should and, even worse, never wash their toothbrushes. It’s recommended that you switch to a new toothbrush every three months, not just for hygiene’s sake, but to make sure the bristles don’t wear down. However, a bigger concern is the bacteria that can gather on toothbrushes. They can gather both bacteria from the bathroom and from your mouth, meaning you should take the time to wash them in hot soapy water, then wipe them with a disinfecting wipe at least once a week.
Even if you take care of your teeth with great care on a routine basis, you should still know when you need to visit the dentist. Routine care helps to prevent a wide range of issues, but it doesn’t guarantee you against them.

a better day

Use These Tips To Make Every Day A Better Day

Life is lived at such a rapid pace. We often forget to look after ourselves. With the stresses of work, family life, and everything in between, we don’t always take a step back and think about our own health and wellbeing. With that in mind, read on to discover some of the things that you can do to take care of yourself every day.

Don’t forget your medication

If you need to take any type of medication, one of the worst things you can do is not take it. However, with everything going on around you, it can be easy to forget to take it. Why not set an alarm on your phone or use one of the helpful phone apps that are available? If you need to use an inhaler, or take any type of pills, apps can help to ensure you do so at the same time every day. There are also some applications that will help you to see the benefits too.  

Do some yoga

This mere suggestion may have many of you feeling ready to skip to the next point. You’re not a yoga person after all! Well, give it a try. If you hate it, that’s fine, you don’t need to do it again. But you may be shocked to discover that you love it, and that it makes your body and mind feel refreshed and revitalized.

Recognize unhealthy habits

You won’t be able to deal with any unhealthy habits if you do not recognize them in the first place. From covering up real issues to damaging your eyes, there are a number of unhealthy habits most of us are guilty of. Make sure you recognize yours so that you can deal with them. Karan Bajaj often looks at healthy habits and business success, so figure out your bad habits at work too.

Wake up slowly

Are you someone who wakes up and immediately checks your emails the second you open your eyes? Don’t do it! They can wait. Give yourself 30 to 45 minutes to wake up slowly so you can start your day the right way. Take a shower and get ready, and then check your emails.

Keep a journal

A lot of people feel like they don’t have the time to keep a journal, but it literally only takes a few minutes from your day. It can be in bullet-form, and it helps you to focus your thoughts and get things off your mind. Make a note of how you feel, the people you have meet, what you have done, and so on.

Set specific time slots when you don’t work

Are you a workaholic? It’s important to get some balance into your life. By setting specific time slots when you don’t work, you will have the perfect opportunity to take better care of yourself.

As you can see, there are many different ways that you can take care of yourself on a daily basis to ensure that your mind and body are healthy. The importance of this cannot be ignored. We are all guilty of taking ourselves for granted from time-to-time, but it is so important to look after number one. 

stay safe on the road

7 Tips To Stay Safe On The Road

Staying safe on the road is an obvious goal for us all. After all, driving is a huge part of our lives, whether it’s the school run, the commute, or shopping for groceries. You might be setting off on a special summer road trip, taking a long drive to visit your relatives? Either way, you’ll want to stay safe on the roads. For a few tips to help you stay safe, check out these seven ideas.

1 . Minimize distractions

According to the CDC, ‘In the U.S. in 2018, over 2,800 people were killed and an estimated 400,000 were injured in crashes involving a distracted driver.’ To reduce your chances of being in an accident, minimize distractions as much as possible. There are lots of ways to reduce distractions including:

  • Avoid eating while driving, this can take your attention off the roads.
  • Use a hands free device to play music instead of fiddling with the radio.
  • Do not use your phone while driving (unless it’s hands-free).
  • Avoid being distracted by family members or friends in the back seat.

2. Predictable driving 

Unpredictable drivers make the roads a dangerous place. No one enjoys swerving or slamming on the brakes due to the negligence of another driver. To avoid accidents, you need to drive predictably. To practice predictable driving, remember the following simple tips:

  • Signal properly: Drivers should signal in advance of a lane change, it sounds simple, but many people forget to do it! When stopping at an intersection, ensure that your turn signal is switched on before you turn.
  • Avoid fast changes: Drivers should change lanes gradually, instead of rapidly. If you are too close to the exit, it’s best to turn at the following exit.
  • Always check your blind spot: You should always check your blind spot when appropriate. It’s important to be aware of the presence of other drivers.

3. Take a defensive drivers course

Defensive driving is a set of strategies that help drivers to predict hazards. A defensive driving course helps you to predict the actions of other drivers, and improve your safety on the roads. DD course students can learn how to make safer decisions when driving. If you take a defensive driving course you are eligible to apply for a discount on your insurance package. With the help of a DD course, you can boost your driving confidence.

4. Road safety apps

There are several driving apps which can help you to stay safe on the roads. For a few options to get started, try these:

  • Drive Smart: The Drive Smart application works by tracking your speed, and collecting your driving data. The app records your signal reactions, and the way that you accelerate and brake. The app mutes your sms messages and diverts calls straight to voicemail.
  • FOBO Tire: Using FOBO Tire you can ensure that you are driving with the correct tire pressure. Driving with the incorrect pressure can potentially be dangerous, and it also wastes fuel. Features of the app include 24/7 tracking, sensor replacement for your tires, and notifications for flat tires.

5. Use a HUDS display 

Purchasing a car HUDS can help drivers to focus on the road. A HUDs uses a small screen to project info onto the windscreen. The info is taken from the dashboard and includes the driving speed. Using a HUDS, drivers can check key information, without taking their eyes off the roads.

6. Car safety features

Modern cars have plenty of useful safety features. If you’re buying a new car soon, here are a few of the best car safety features.

  • Advanced Emergency Braking: An AEB system uses semi-automatic braking. It’s a system that’s used to stop collisions, or reduce the severity of a crash.
  • Intelligent Speed Assist: An ISA is used to prevent drivers from going over the speed limit. The feature helps to promote safer driving, reduce fuel composition, and reduce emissions.

7. Take breaks on longer drivers

When you’re driving for a longer duration of time, it’s a good idea to take regular breaks. Find a place where you can drink some coffee, eat, stretch your legs and have a rest. If you are feeling too tired, it’s best to avoid driving until you are feeling more alert. 

Staying safe on the roads isn’t always easy. You may be driving safely, but that doesn’t mean that you fellow drivers are. If you’ve been involved in an accident that was caused by another driver, you may need a personal injury lawyer. To learn why you need a personal injury lawyer, check out Bey & Associates.

best life

How To Live Your Best Life and Be Happy Right Now

Finding fulfillment in life is beneficial for your mental health and self-esteem. According to performance coach Neel Raman, it gives your life greater meaning and clarity. Moreover, you’ll boost your confidence and happiness levels while preventing people from determining your self-worth. However, a General Social Survey revealed that only 29% of Americans are happy with their lives. That said, here are some practical ways to live your best life starting right now. 

Surround yourself with positive people

Positivity helps you to lead a happier and healthier life while reducing your stress and anxiety levels. For these reasons, you may want to surround yourself with positive people. Moreover, they inspire you to focus on the good things you have while supporting you through tough times. What’s more, they challenge you to grow, learn new things and become better. You may start by eliminating toxic people from your life. You can also smile more to attract the right people and develop your interpersonal skills like respect, honesty, acceptance, paying attention, and active listening. 

Take charge of your happiness 

Although external factors can contribute to your happiness, your fundamental sense of fulfillment comes from within. Also, it might be frustrating to depend on others to feel good about yourself, as they might fail you at some point. Therefore, it’s prudent to be in charge of your joy and avoid short-term methods for feeling fulfilled. The first step is to accept who you are and forgive your mistakes as nobody’s perfect. It’s also prudent to also face challenges instead of complaining and work towards your goals. By all means, always put yourself first, and refuse to live according to other people’s standards. 

Lend a helping hand to others 

Recent psychological research indicates that helping others can boost your overall sense of identity and purpose. Moreover, it controls your emotions while reducing your anxiety and depression levels. Therefore, you may consider helping people out in any way you can. Fortunately, little acts of kindness can lift people’s spirits while making you fulfilled. For example, you may help someone with their grocery shopping or mow your neighbor’s lawn if they can’t do it for some reason. You can also volunteer at schools for hard-of-hearing students, but be sure to research hearing loss communication tips to help you out. 

Set tangible goals

According to motivational speaker Brian Tracy, you’re more likely to succeed if you set achievable goals. Besides, they can make you more productive and fulfilled. Therefore, you may create goals for whatever you wish to accomplish, either in your personal or professional life. For example, you may set a timeline for weight loss, going to college, or healthy eating. First, however, you need to create a working plan to achieve your set goals. Tools like Vision Board and Milestone Planner are excellent goal-setting tools to leverage for success.

Celebrate your accomplishments 

According to psychologist David DeSteno, celebrating your successes can enhance your confidence and fulfillment while motivating you to do more. Therefore, you may reward and acknowledge yourself each time you accomplish something. For example, you can buy a nice meal or your desired outfit after completing your daily tasks. 

Self-fulfillment doesn’t only come with more significant deeds; little acts can make you feel good about yourself. Hopefully, you’ll follow these tips for a more purposeful life.